• And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. (Matthew 28:18)

Jesus who – according to the opinions of this world – appeared defeated in his crucifixion and death, is here raised from the dead and establishes his victory over Satan, sin, and death. Having abolished the curse given to us in Adam, he demonstrates his rule and dominion to his church.

Here, Christ is describing his authority as judge which has been given to him of the Father. He is also speaking of his authority as the Mediator of his church. He is the head (Colossians 1:18) and the King (Rev 1:5).

And he is not only the head of the church but reigns above all the kings and rulers of the earth. Christ – and Christ alone – is King and he is calling all nations to himself (Psalm 2:9). Christ is not the King of his church in the same way that he is King over the nations. He does not provide redeeming blessings to the kingdoms of this earth; rather, he exercises his right to rule over them for the purpose of establishing and furthering the mission of the church.

John Gill comments on this passage as follows:

“…and to things on earth, not only to the saints, whose King he is, and who are made willing to serve him; but to all flesh, to kings and princes, who rule and reign by him; and even to all the wicked of the world, who in some shape or another are made to subserve the ends of his mediatorial kingdom and government: and this is not usurped power, but what is given him, and what he has a right to exercise; having finished sin, abolished death, overcome the world, and destroyed the devil; and must reign till all enemies are subject to him…”

Some find this doctrine (the mediatorial Kingship of Christ) hard to accept. If it is something that interests you, here are a few articles about it. These two articles represent two historical points of view; Phil’s article represents the Covenanter view; Paul’s article represents what he calls a confessional two kingdoms view (others identify it as similar to the Seceder view).

“Christ the King of All” by Phil Pockras

“Confessional Two Kingdoms” by Paul J. Barth

Rest firmly in the knowledge that, no matter how the world is going, Christ is King, and he reigns above all things.

I am a Reformed Presbyterian. I offer all content as my own personal reflections. I am not a licensed minister.